LotM - Nov 15: Aveli
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Happy November! Say hello to the 16th LotM, Aveli, and dive into its wonderful verb(alizers).
This public article was written by Admin Sheep, and last updated on 29 May 2016, 16:59.
[comments] [history] avelilotm nov 15lotm
Aveli has been deleted by its creator @alice; any information in this article may be inaccurate, out of date, or contain broken links. Continue with caution.
Happy November, and congratulations to @alice and their language Aveli!
Aveli has a somewhat small consonant inventory, consisting of /m n p t̪ k v ð s ʒ h t͡ɬ l ɾ/. [r] appears as an allophone of /ɾ/ in consonant clusters. Perhaps most interesting, aside from the presence of /t͡ɬ/ (which makes me think Nahuatl immediately), is the lack of voiceless fricatives. /v ð ʒ/ are all present without the corresponding /f θ ʃ/, while conversely, /s/ appears without /z/.
The vocalic inventory is a bit smaller, with just /a ɛ i o u/. /a i u/ surface as [ə ɪ ʊ] when word-finally and adjacent to a stressed syllable; though this rule seems broken in the native name of the language: initial [ə] in [əˈvɛlɪ].
Verbal morphology has tons of detail in Aveli. Mood is indicated with a particle placed before the main verb. There are ten total, including some rare ones such as debitive, mirative, and veridical. Aspect is indicated with a particle placed after the verb, and there are still five of those. The main verb itself can be conjugated into three tenses (past, present, future) and two further aspects (progressive and perfect) plus active and passive voices, plus realis and irrealis moods - so another 36 forms without even getting into the mood and aspect particles.
All of this analysis presupposes that Aveli has verbs... which is kinda does. Sorta. No verbs exist as their own roots; instead, they're derived using verbalizers: <ža> for active verbs, and <lu> for passive ones. These composed verb-like things then are inflected using the aforementioned rules, though only the verbalizer is inflected for the tense, aspect, and voice; the entire phrase is then surrounded by any applicable mood and aspect particles. More on verbs can be read here.
Nouns are no simpler. A grand total of eighteen cases are available for use in addition to three numbers (singular, plural, and collective) - 54 combinations in all. Nouns are divvied up into a few classes, dependent on their final consonant - a-, r-, s-, and u- stems. Every case available to nouns can also be applied to the pronouns, too. More on nouns can be read here.
While often romanized, Aveli has a gorgeous native script. It is an abugida, with /a/ as the inherent vowel. The script is also intended to be written horizontally, and linked in a cursive style. The consonant glyphs are:
Vowels apart from /a/ (as well as diphthongs or a zero-vowel) are written with diacritics:
It's a beautiful writing system, more of which can be seen here.
[top]More on Aveli
Crave more? Check out its grammar tables or translations.
[top]A Note on LotM
Got suggestions for how the next LotM should be written? See something in Aveli that wasn't covered and you wish it had been? Hate my guts and want to tell me? Feel free to shoot us (either phi2dao or argyle) a PM with your thoughts, suggestions, and hate mail. Also feel free to drop by the LotM clan if you have other feedback, want to join in the voting process, or nominate a language!
on 29/05/16 16:590argylemoved to correct folder
on 09/05/16 21:47-16argyleedited to remove lang code tags and update/strike-through information
on 30/04/16 04:240severythis is not a help article
on 22/04/16 22:200hashiremoved 'AVE' language code as no longer used by Aveli