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PSJ roots
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Reconstructed roots of Proto-Semado-Jutean and descendants
This public article was written by Jute, and last updated on 18 Jul 2017, 23:08. Editing of this article is shared with Semado-Jutic Linguistic Society.

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 Proto-Sanju-JuteanProto-Jutean River Jutean Middle Jutean Jutean Sedaiɣior Proto-Qiqi'wilian Ujiyu Uzhiy Tilu
afuva 'fat'
*agʲoo "(be) at"*adoo adooado*ajuu*aguawguāu
ahoo 'until'*xuhufehu
*atsoo "look at; search for"*asooasooaso "look at, notice"*aduu*asuasuazeāu "seek enlightenment, soul search"
autti 'back [body part]'
avate 'aunt/uncle'
*daiɣ "noon, midday"*daihdaidaa*daiɣ*daytayday
datu 'monster, creature'
*-dei "OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
, DATDative (case)
indirect object; beneficiary
, SRSubordinator
marks subordinate clause
"
*-dei-de-(e)de "OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
, INSVInstrumental trigger (voice)
Austronesian alignment; triggers instrumental
"
*-daa*diti-jeli
*doikʲoo "hear"*doikoodoikodekoodeko*daaçuu*duykutuykuduygetoiku
deso 'bend'
*dumi "breast"*dumi vumivume*dumi*dumtumduntu
doavoa 'mountain range'
dohuo 'mistreat, abuse'
*dobaidova 'tree'*dubatupeduvetuva
duke 'pineapple'
*eɣoo "can, know how"*ehehoo (reduplicated)eeooeeo*eɣuu*iyuiyuiyīyu
*oibuxueevuhu 'sap, juice'*uybuxuypuuyveoivu
ejaho 'disappear, lose'
*excuueku 'chin, neck'*ixtuituiteetu
*ɣenaaena 'nose'*yinayineyineyina
fefo 'harvest'
femmo 'door, handle'
fenoi '(saltwater) fish'
feohaa 'chest [body part]'
fivoo 'to storm'
*porafola 'rock'*purpupupu
fuedo 'to fall, fell'
*gee "now, PROGProgressive (aspect)
be verb-ing
"
*xeexe(e)he*gee*gikidjiti
*gʲaxi "open, clear"*daxidaxidahe "space, room, area"*jaxi*dyaxyajeta
*gʲena "arm"*denadenadena*jena*dyinyinjinti
haja 'horn'
hajee 'wit, intellect'*xadiwihaywiaivehāiui
heiti 'dullness'
heto 'sit'
*ɣoidoo "appear; rise"
prob. "rise out of the water," cf. *jasoo
*hoidoohoidoedooedo "appear"*ɣaaduu*'uyduuytuuyu'oilu "surprise"
*gojo(ɣ)ahojaa 'skin'*gudwakuweguvekuva
*gosomahosoma 'banana'*gusumkusumguzun
huvo 'hope'
*iki "one"*ikiikiiki*eki*'ikii'i
iduo 'to play'
iivo 'sand'
*ipoo "use; CAUSCausative (valency/mood)
cause an action to occur, force another argument to act
"
*epoo epoo-(e)fo*ivuu*ipu, *puipu, puibe, -beipu
*jasoo "dive (down); disappear"*jasoojasoojaso "dive; disappear"*jasuu*dasutasudazetāu
*jotoo "see"*joto jotojoo (irregular)*joduu*dutututududetutu
*jutio "Jute"*jutio juteojute*jusaa*dutiu "foreigner"tutiudujetutiu
*keloo "speak, talk"*kelookeloo*keruu*kilukilutxiwtilu
*-koi "CONDConditional (mood)
'if'
, POLPolite.IMPImperative (mood)
command
"
*-koi-koe-k(e)*(-)kaa*kuykuy-geoi
*lomo "force of nature"*lomo "strength, force, power"lumolumo*ruu "nature; natural beauty"*lumlumwunlu
*noo "be"*noo noono*nuu*ngunugu
*-no "PVPatient trigger (voice)
Austronesian alignment; triggers ERG-ABS
," maybe "PASSPassive voice (valency)
be verb-ed
"
*-no-no-no "PVPatient trigger (voice)
Austronesian alignment; triggers ERG-ABS
"
*-*ngunu-geu
*saiɣ "water"*saih sai "wave"saa*saiɣ "water"*saysaysay
*setu "mound, hill"(*xaisetu "mountain"
< *xaitsetu "big mound")
(xaisetu)(hisetu)*sedu*sitsixihi
*taxoo "flow, pour"*taxootaxotaxootahoo*taxuu*taxutahutawtāu
*tukʲoo "dance"*tukoo tukootuko*tuçuu*tukutukutugetuku
*tau "1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
"
*taataata*tau*tawtawtaw
*tsoo "go, come"*tootooto*suu*thutututu
*tsik "stick, branch"*tiktiktik*sik*thiktixi
*uud- "below"*uuda uuvauuva*uud-*'uduu, -u'u
*vaa "part, thing, object"*vaavava(a)va*vaa*waweve, -veva
*vettoo "fight, attack"*vettoovettoovetto "hit, strike"*vetuu*withuwituvitevitu
*vuxa "sun"*vuxavuxavuha*wuxwuvuvu
*xaida "big; important"*xaidaxiitxaidahaad*xaida*xaydhayay
*xedoo "take"*xedooxedoohedo*xeduu*xiduhiwiwhilu "receive"
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Edit history
on 18/07/17 23:08+148fantomatrol15added Tilu words
on 18/07/17 22:58+854fantomatrol15Added Tilu words
on 18/07/17 21:14+3193fantomatrol15Added Qiqi'wilian roots
on 14/02/17 21:39-2073alicecleanup
on 31/01/17 21:500Juteremoved a tag
on 31/01/17 21:50+33Jutereadded two missing cells
on 31/01/17 21:49-2546Juteremoved Ashucky's languages, since they are no longer part of Sahar
on 01/06/16 01:55-157Juteremoved duplicate
on 01/06/16 01:54-1JuteFixed credit line
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