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Dhwer and Mbamigi Writing System
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Chart of the Dhwer and Mbamigi writing system
This public article was written by Izaak, and last updated on 11 Jun 2016, 01:20.

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9. Numbers
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1. Consonants
2. Vowel Diacritics
3. Punctuation

?FYI...
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.


The Dhwer and Mbamigi writing system (Dhwer: KuPlaHūlg Ðweruw, Mbamigi: Gaan eibo) is a vertically-written alphabet used primarily in the United Kingdom of Dhwer and Penkrot and the Republic of the Mbamigi Islands. It is used to write both the Dhwer and Mbamigi languages.

The alphabet first appeared during the Nomadic Period in what is now central Penkrot from 400 BCE to 200 CE and was originally used to write Ancient Dhweric.

In both languages, a vertical bar (Dhwer: hamb, Mbamigi: ɂab̃e), sits to the right of each consonant (to which the consonant is usually--but not always--attached. Vowel diacritics are written to the right of the vertical bar. Vowels are never attached to the vertical bar. Punctuation may be written above, below or to the left of consonants. It may or may not be attached to the vertical bar.

The Dhwer alphabet consists of 15 consonants and 8 vowel diacritics. The Mbamigi alphabet consists of 14 consonants and 3 vowel diacritics.

[top]Consonants




CharacterDhwerMbamigi
NameRomanizationPronunciationNameRomanizationPronunciation

PantPp/p/B̃o/ᵐb/

TerlTt/t̪/D̃ami/ⁿd/

ÞūlmÞþ/θ/(none)1(none)(none)

KlenkKk/k/G̃aiɂa/ᵑg/

BaynðBb/b/BainzeBb/b/

Də̄lgDd/d̪/DeleDd/d/

ÐenktÐð/ð/Zeg̃iZz/z/

GrarlGg/g/GoiGg/g/

MarlMm/m/MauMm/m/

NaynkNn/n/NaiŋNn/n/

RampRr/ɹ/Ŋab̃eŊŋ/ŋ/

LeþkLl/l/LeleLl/l/

HāderHh/h/ɁaadaɁɂ/Ɂ/

YumpYy/j/IiIi/i/2,/j/

WelbWw/w/OoOo/o/2


1. Not used in Mbamigi.
2. Although written as consonants, Ii and Oo as phonologically vowels in Mbamigi.

[top]Vowel Diacritics



CharacterDhwerMbamigi
NameRomanizationPronunciationNameRomanizationPronunciation

HəbdƏə/ə/(none)1(none)(none)

Hə̄ntakƏ̄ə̄/ʌ/(none)1(none)(none)

HalpertAa/a/AaAa/a/

HānþĀā/æ/(none)1(none)(none)

HelkEe/e/EeEe/e/

HērbĒē/ø/(none)1(none)(none)

HumbUu/u/UuUu/u/,/w/

HūðbakŪū/ʊ/(none)1(none)(none)


1. Not used in Mbamigi.

[top]Punctuation


Note: The letter Yump is used here to indicate punctuation positioning.


Punctuation MarkDhwerMbamigi
NameFunctionNotesNameFunctionNotes

KeHenkret
the end
Denotes a space between words. Also used centered to the left of vowel diacritics when they are not in words.No exact Latin equivalent.Ɂeg̃u
end
Denotes a space between words. Also used centered to the left of stand-alone vowel diacritics.No exact Latin equivalent.

KeNulk
the finish
Denotes a completed sentence.Equivalent to period or full stop. Zezu
finish
Denotes a completed sentence.Equivalent to period or full stop.

KeNulk Geltuw
the half finish
Denotes a break in a sentence.No exact Latin equivalent. Often used similarly to a colon, semicolon and some uses of a comma. Meŋe
half
Denotes a break in a sentence.No exact Latin equivalent. Often used similarly to a colon, semicolon and some uses of a comma.

KeRenð
the breath
Denotes a pause in a sentence.Used similarly to a comma. Written before the word following the pause.Iaɂu
pause
Denotes a pause in a sentence.Used similarly to a comma. Written before the word following the pause.

KeÞelg
the beginning
Denotes a new thought.Used similarly to paragraph indentation. Written before the sentence. Zeuge
transliteration of Dhwer.
Denotes a new thought.Used similarly to paragraph indentation. Written before the sentence.

KeMurm
the asking
Denotes a question.Used similarly to a question mark. Written before the sentence. Full stop still used.Iebze
inquiry
Denotes a question.Used similarly to a question mark. Written before the sentence. Full stop still used.

KeTulþ
the shout
Denotes an exclamation.Used similarly to a exclamation mark. Written before the sentence. Full stop still used.Dule
transliteration of Dhwer.
Denotes an exclamation.Used similarly to a exclamation mark. Written before the sentence. Full stop still used.

KeRāð
the saying
Denotes a quotation.Used similarly to quotation marks. Written before the sentence. Full stop still used after.Laeɂue
quotation
Denotes a quotation.Used similarly to quotation marks. Written before the sentence. Full stop still used after.

KeBulg
the attachment
Denotes an affix.No exact Latin equivalent. Optional.Not used.

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