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Deinau [DEJ]
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Typology Progressing 668 words
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Deinau
·Ŋladaal'naa
[ŋᵍlæ̀dǽɪ̯lnɒ́ʊ̯]
Registered by xroooox on 28 May 2015
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersDeinau is spoken in Tnaaq.
Species Human/humanoid
About Deinau Deinau is a language spoken in Tnaaq, on the Nousian territories. It belongs to the East Vajusan branch of the Vajusan language family. It is a very conservative language in its phonology, retaining the 10 vowels developed since the split and few phonological changes. The morphology has been reworked, though, and both nouns and verbs have become more inflected.
Some features:
  • It is a SOV, tripartite language, mostly dependent-marking.
  • It has 10 short and 6 long vowels. The long vowels are currently pronounced as diphthongs. There is also a vowel harmony system that controls the backness of vowels within a word, and a disharmony system that rules over highness. Some suffixes have special harmony rules.
  • There are 17 consonants that can be at syllable onsets and 6 at the coda. There is an aspirated-plane contrast in plosives and friccatives. A lateral friccative is present in some dialects. This aspiration contrast is neutralized in codas. The coronals have consonant harmony, and there can be jut dentals or retroflex in a word, determined by the first coronal to appear.
  • Its nouns are inflected for 4 numbers and 4 cases by suffixes and tone. There is also a definiteness system of prefixes that also show noun class, these come from older classifiers. Must nouns can't come without their prefix, and the few that can only do so in noun incorporation.
  • The verb stem affixes and tone depend on transitivity. Verbs are inflected for four numbers with suffixes and 3rd-non3rd person with tone position. There is a system of modality suffixes that comes from older auxiliaries and sometimes codes a past-non past distinction. The declarative also codes perfective-imperfective aspect.
  • Pronouns have a clusivity contrast, and the 3 persons in singular, paucal and plural. The only proper pronoun paradigm is in the absolutive case, pronouns for other cases are actually relational nouns (or conjugated prepositions?)
Sample of Deinau[view] ·IPleđ angiilmu ruŧuuŋ ·śadag ŋelma.

Fred shaved while the meal was being prepared.
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Latest vocabulary
angiilvshave
giilvrake
giilvscratch
Language family relationships
[view] madaana (Daan)Spoken in the region of the gulf, south of Nousdutu and surrounded by Tnaaqian languages.
Phonological cluster simplification, verbal morphology also changes. Nouns have fewer classes.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialDentalAlveolarRetroflexPalatalVelarOther
Nasal m   ɳ [ɲ]1 ŋ  
Plosive p [ʰp]2 pʰ [b]3 t̪ [ʰt̪]4 t̪ʰ [d̪]5   ʈ [ʰʈ]6 ʈʰ [ɖ]7 [c]8 [ʰc]9 [cʰ]10 [ɟ]11 k [ʰk]12 kʰ [g]13  
Fricative [ɸ]14 [θ]15 s [ʰs]16 sʰ [z]17 ʂ [ʰʂ]18 ʂʰ [ʐ]19 [ç]20 [x]21  
Lateral approximant     l [ɭ]22     [ɫ]23
Approximant       [ɻ]24      
Flap     [ɾ]25        
  1. with front vowels, allophone of /ŋ/
  2. allophone of /pʰ/
  3. allophone of /p/
  4. allophone of /t̪ʰ/
  5. allophone of /t̪/
  6. allophone of /ʈʰ/
  7. allophone of /ʈ/
  8. with front vowels, allophone of /k/
  9. allophone of /kʰ/
  10. allophone of /kʰ/
  11. with front vowels, allophone of /k/
  12. allophone of /kʰ/
  13. allophone of /k/
  14. allophone of /pʰ/
  15. allophone of /t̪ʰ/
  16. allophone of /sʰ/
  17. allophone of /s/
  18. allophone of /ʂʰ/
  19. allophone of /ʂ/
  20. with front vowels, allophone of /kʰ/
  21. allophone of /kʰ/
  22. allophone of /l/
  23. allophone of /l/
  24. allophone of /ʈ/
  25. allophone of /l/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: [í]1 y y: [ý] ɯ ɯ: ɯ̂ [ɯ́]2 u u: û [ú]3
Close-mid e ê [é]4 ø ø̂ [ǿ]5 ɤ ɤ̂ [ɤ́]6 o ô [ó]7
Near-open æ æ: æ̂ [ǽ]8  
Open   ɑ ɑ: ɑ̂ [ɑ́]9
  1. allophone of /i/
  2. allophone of /ɯ/
  3. allophone of /u/
  4. allophone of /e/
  5. allophone of /ø/
  6. allophone of /ɤ/
  7. allophone of /o/
  8. allophone of /æ/
  9. allophone of /ɑ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Deinau. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 DeinauOrthography
Aa/ɑ/AA aa/ɑ:/·//Bb/p/Cc/g/Dd/t̪/, [t̪]Ee/ɤ/Gg/k/, [k]Ii/ɯ/
II ii/ɯ:/Kk/kʰ/Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n̪/Oo/o/Pp/pʰ/Rr/ɳ/Ss/s/
Tt/t̪ʰ/Uu/u/UU uu/u:/Zz/ʂ/Ŋŋ/ŋ/Śś/sʰ/Ŧŧ/ʈʰ/Źź/ʂʰ/Đđ/ʈ/, [ʈ]
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Deinau verb
    Verb conjugation
    23-Jul-17 18:18
    Derivation
    Making new stems in Deinau
    22-Jul-17 18:46
    Deinau pronouns, prepositions and relational nouns
    Pronoun declension
    22-Jul-17 18:03
    Kinship terms
    Classes according to possesive marking
    26-Jun-17 16:06
    Deinau nouns 26-Jun-17 16:05
    Verbs of movement 24-Jun-17 18:47
    Deinau noun phrase 24-Jun-17 18:36
    Typological information for Deinau

    Morphosyntactic alignmentTripartite
    Primary word orderSOV
    Verb agreementNone

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