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Jutean [JUT]
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LotM Winner Typology Progressing 3,527 words
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Jutean
tahivanet / tahivi a jute
[tɐhiʋɐnet tɐhiʋi ɐ jute]
Registered by Jute on 11 July 2015
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersJutean is spoken in Jute.
Species Human/humanoid
About Jutean
A language with Hawaiian-reminiscent phonology and typology with a sentence structure inspired by Tagalog and some ergative-absolutive languages, and some influences from a few other languages, like Mandarin and Japanese. Piraha and Tongan also provided some inspirations, even English did, and some other languages.

Some features this language has, and some it lacks:

Compact phonology with just five base vowels and nine consonants (+ some allophones, and diphthongs)

Tagalog-like Austronesian alignment combined with a split ergativity inspired by English ergative verbs (such as to break, open, melt)

Various marked moods, such as Indicative, Imperative, Conditional, Subjunctive and Hortative.

No passive voice (triggers used instead), tense, number (except in some pronouns), articles or adjectives (nouns used)

Three genders, one for common/civilization-related words, one for abstract, immaterial, and most general, unknown or unknowable words, and one for all wilderness-related words, especially the rainforest and the ocean.

A sizeable number of personal pronouns, featuring four clusitivity distinctions, three/four numbers, three animacy distinctions and gendered inanimate prononus

There are also no possessive pronouns or genitive. Inalienable possession is indicated with "a", signifying "of" or "by", alienable possession with relative nominalization
Sample of Jutean[view] Vunomo vunam saanuhiti uh savanhuti in vuno a daoni.

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
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Latest vocabulary
hujoteadvof course
koveadpamid
uhecand also
Language family relationships
Language treeSaru-Asuran
 ⤷  Proto-Saru-Asuran
  ⤷  Proto-Sanju-Jutean
   ⤷ Proto-Jutean
    ⤷ Ancient Jutean
     ⤷  Middle Jutean
      ⤷ Reformed Jutean
       ⤷ Colonial-era Jutean
        ⤷  Jutean
[view] About Saru-AsuranA family on Sahar, ranging from the island of Jute and northern parts of Ystel, to Tuyo and Qi'qiwil.
[view] sitti (City Jutean)The variety spoken in the largest city of the island, Jute City. Has a lot more foreign loans and a tendency to shorten words, as well as a few grammatical peculiarities.
[view] Laini (Laina dialect)The Laina dialect retains some archaic words that have fallen out of use in the general language and other dialects and also has a slightly different regional pronunciation.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m   n     [ŋ]1  
Plosive     t d     k  
Fricative   f s [z]2 [ʃ]3     h
Lateral approximant     l        
Approximant   ʋ     j    
  1. at codas when followed by /k/, allophone of /n/
  2. at syllable onsets before long vowels, allophone of /s/
  3. in a few dialects, allophone of /s/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i:   u u:
Close-mid e e:    
Near-open   ɐ ɐ:  
Open [a:]1   ɑ ɑ: [ɒ:]2
Polyphthongs ɑi ɑe ie ui ue iu eu ei
iɑ iɑ: ɐu ɐi ɐe ɑu eeɑ
  1. in some dialects, allophone of /ɐ:/
  2. in some dialects, allophone of /ɑ:/
Syllable Structure(C)V(V)(V/C), though CVC, CVVC and particularly CVVV are used sparingly. CV or VC are preferred.

Consonant clusters can thus only appear at syllable boundaries, and only the geminations of /t/, /k/, /m/, /n/ and /l/ as well as two-consonant clusters starting with /n/, /m/ or /l/ are allowed.

VV are either long vowels or vowel diphthongs, and VVV are long diphthongs.
Stress informationMostly on the penultimate syllable, sometimes on the last syllable with a long vowel/diphtong, but it's not fixed and can also be used to emphasize a part of a word, for example the negating suffix '-l' or '-al'.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Jutean. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 JuteanOrthography
Aa/ɐ/Dd/d/Ee/e/Ff/f/Hh/h/Ii/i/Jj/j/Kk/k/
Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n/, [ŋ]1Oo/ɑ/Ss/s/Tt/t/Uu/u/Vv/ʋ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. at codas when followed by /k/
Conscript
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Songs in Jutean
All the songs written or translated to Jutean
20-Jun-17 16:29
Derivational morphology 16-Jun-17 11:10
Verbs in Jutean
A small, but strange linguistic creature
06-Jun-17 19:14
CoWriMo: Short texts about Jute, written in Jutean
covering all sorts of topics from daily life, to romance, to...
31-May-17 19:43
PSJ sound changes 06-Mar-17 08:05
PSJ roots
Reconstructed roots of Proto-Semado-Jutean and descendants
14-Feb-17 21:39
Gloss of the History of Japan translation
literal translation, affixes etc.
15-Jan-17 13:29
Nouns and Adjectives (or the lack thereof)
A short overview
03-Nov-16 01:21
Typological information for Jutean

Base counting systemQuinary (5)
Noun numbersNo numbers
Morphosyntactic alignmentAustronesian alignment
Primary word orderVSO
Unmarked tenseNo tense

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