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Lithian [LHN]
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LotM Winner CWSP Lang Typology Functional 6,084 words
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Lithian
Litheserna
[litʰeseɹna]
Registered by Arnoldii on 9 November 2016
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersSpoken by a population of around 43,216,040 in: LugidaOfficial
Species Human/humanoid
About Lithian
[liдeserna]

Update (2017:04:14) :: Much of the grammar is changed for the sake of improvisation. rip "de"

> Lithian is one of the official languages of the archipelagic kingdom of Trigita (on planet Luf) along with the other two official languages:  Mellan and  Teknite . On planet Luf, it's one of the global lingua francas. Its variant,  Lugid, is the official language of the Lugida (on planet Sahar, or as they call it - Gaten).

> SVO "I eat bread", direct "I am I", scarce in declensions, rich in conjugations. There are four conjugation levels (Polarity, Voice, Aspect, Tense combined with PROGProgressive (aspect)
be verb-ing
slash CONTContinuative (tense/aspect)
continuous or durational action
) that mathematically sums up to 72 possible combinations.

> "To be" doesn't practically exist, i.e. dropped almost every time. Need one? Use "lam", but only if the subject in the sentence introduces a relative clause "The man who met me is at home" or the sentence defines things "CWS is a website". There no "was", just add "kim mela" to the end.

> 32 consonants, classic 5 vowels, and 8 diphthongs, with some inspiration from Indic languages (brace yourselves, the aspirates are coming). No /j/ (instead there's [ia] and [ie]), and there's /t͡ɬ/ (thanks Mellan).

> Delvia. It a monospaced square alphasyllabary and there no spacebars. All hail Delvia

Hanagant is being reworked. Not total, but it's quite significant.
Given the grammar changes, translations are a bit outdated.
Sample of Lithian[view] Serna fetfe adi i-fekleten ga shode.

Language is the source of all misunderstandings.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
hesetncavalry
havuirentncavalry
darivbe with
Sound samples in Lithian
Some sound samples of Lithian. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
lumina: de menir enthir. gume de gidithana fe Lithawilon Entefrai. tidi fina nat fehetu: kitha gezou...
Space: the final frontier. These are the voyages of the Starship Enterprise, its five-year mission: ...
de vilon tret lenvana hikam marhanna, va dei fen caka natri.
The butterfly counts not months but moments, and has time enough.
Language family relationships
Language treeKitrian
 ⤷ Proto-Kitrian
  ⤷ Ancient Kitrian
   ⤷ Proto-Mina
    ⤷ Old Mina
     ⤷ Maidanic
      ⤷ Old Lithian
       ⤷  Lithian
[view] About KitrianA language family that consists of the languages of the Kitrian archipelago, in the now-area of Trigita. The dominant languages include Lithian, Teknite, Mellan, and [Halkian].

Sahar note: mbIgnore the Proto-Teknite branch.
[view] hanufte' se'gra (Hanaluftan)This dialect is spoken in the Luhanese (Luhangida's) city of Hanalufta.
It has some sound changes, particularly in aspirated sounds, in which: /tʰ/ becomes /θ/, /pʰ/ becomes /ɸ/,and /kʰ/ becomes /x/.

This dialect is an (old) experiment on dialectal sound changes.
[view] Lugiserna (Lugid)A form of Lithian spoken in Lugida, Sahar. It has an almost similar vocabulary and grammar, although some of it are influenced by its mainland neighbors.

(mostly used for lexical classification)
[view] Veita Litheserna (Veita)A variant of Lithian, for poets, by the poets, with more complexity and it's less English-y, with pretty much Lithian-y vocabulary. But, more complexity means less understandability, so Veita remained within the literature world, where it (kind-of) flourished. It is a conlang of a conlang.

This is an (old) experiment on the freedom of word orders.

Article: http://conworkshop.info/view_article.php?ns=9424887acb80f899aa8b960d1a6a380e
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
Labio-
velar
VelarGlottalOther
Nasal m   n     [ŋ]1    
Plosive p pʰ b   t tʰ d     k kʰ g ʔ2  
Fricative   f v s z ʃ     h  
Affricate       t͡ʃ t͡ʃʰ d͡ʒ       t͡ɬ3
Lateral approximant     l          
Approximant     ɹ   w      
Blends nt4
  1. Replaces /n/ before /k/ or /g/, allophone of /n/
  2. Before lone vowels
  3. Coda only (ends a word unless suffixed)
  4. Coda only (ends a word unless suffixed)
VowelsFrontBack
Close i u
Close-mid e o
Open a  
Polyphthongs ai au ei eu ia ie ou ui
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Lithian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 LithianOrthography
~a
a
la
/a/
~á
ai
hai
/ai/
~à
au
hau
/au/
b
b
bia
/b/
г
br
bria
/bɹ/
c
c
ceu
/t͡ʃ/
м
ch
cheu
/t͡ʃʰ/
d
d
dia
/d/
ж
dr
dria
/dɹ/
~e
e
le
/e/
~é
ei
hei
/ei/
~è
eu
heu
/eu/
f
f
fie
/f/
л
fr
frie
/fɹ/
g
g
gia
/g/
й
gr
gria
/gɹ/
h
h
ha
/h/
~i
i
li
/i/
~í
ia
hia
/ia/
~ì
ie
hie
/ie/
j
j
jeu
/d͡ʒ/
k
k
kia
/k/
з
kh
khia
/kʰ/
и
kr
kria
/kɹ/
l
l
lou
/l/
m
m
me
/m/
n
n
na
/n/
ŋ
nt
mant
/nt/1
~o
o
lo
/o/
~ó
ou
hou
/ou/
p
p
pia
/p/
б
ph
phia
/pʰ/
в
pr
pria
/pɹ/
r
r
rou
/ɹ/
s
s
sau
/s/
к
sh
shau
/ʃ/
t
t
tia
/t/
д
th
thia
/tʰ/
θ
tl
matl
/t͡ɬ/2
е
tr
tria
/tɹ/
~u
u
lu
/u/
~ú
ui
hui
/ui/
v
v
vie
/v/
w
w
we
/w/
z
z
zau
/z/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Coda only (ends a word unless suffixed)
  2. Coda only (ends a word unless suffixed)
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Delvia
Your guide to the Lithian conscript
10-Mar-17 08:43
Hanagant (old)
About this particular Arnoldiinian conworld
06-Mar-17 06:01
Gita Deliana
Meet the Delians, the deities of the Lithian universe, just ...
06-Mar-17 05:02
Makematra Janumna (001-151)
Pokémon Names in Lithian (Gen 1 : 001-151)
25-Feb-17 00:27
Makematra Heuga (001-040)
The Lithian Pokédex (001-040)
16-Feb-17 12:13
Makematra Janumna (722-802)
Pokémon Names in Lithian (Gen 7 : 722-802)
11-Feb-17 06:28
Lithian CoWriMo Archive
Here goes the *probably* long texts
08-Feb-17 03:48
LotM - Feb 17: Lithian
Happy February and congratulations to our winner Lithian! Cr...
05-Feb-17 14:43
Typological information for Lithian

Copula droppingOther
Double negativesCancel each other
Morphological typologyFusional
Morphosyntactic alignmentDirect
Primary word orderSVO

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