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Tiian [TII]
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Typology Progressing 287 words
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Tiian
tiiri-ko sei-ma
[ti:ɾiko seima]
Registered by Robyn Kolozsvari on 12 January 2017
+ shared with: RobynK
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersTiian is spoken by a population of around 50,000 in the Republic of the Greater Tiian Islands.
Species Human/humanoid
About Tiian Tiian, known as チィリコセィマ (tiiri-ko sei-ma; tii-people-GENGenitive (case)
possessive
tongue-NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
), is the language of one of the major Eastern Maritime cultures. The Tii people (tiiri) compete with the Laiky (in Tiian, "laikiri") for control of the many islands in the Raimak (ラィマカマ, "raimaka-ma," Raima-Ocean-NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
). The two are in a near-constant state of war, yet are remarkably friendly towards each other. This has led to the Western cultures thinking of the Tii and Laiky as being "so bloodthirsty as to kill a friend then have a drink with his brother," an example that comes from a common Tii story.
Sample of Tiian[view] nekerashi-ma setai-si, sheeline-ko pasefara-si, aso turo

I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
tingavcome
lenovgo
seifanconlang
Language family relationships
Language treeGobi-Raimak
 ⤷  Proto-Gobi-Raimak
  ⤷ Proto-Raimak
   ⤷ Oceanic
    ⤷ Eastern Oceanic
     ⤷  Tiian
[view] About Gobi-RaimakMajor language family on the Eastern half of the Continent. Connected to Zalintang by the Lintang-Raimak macrofamily.
[view] tiilanai-ko sei-ma (Tiilanaian)Generally considered a prestige dialect, and is generally very conservative. It is spoken in the cultural capital city of the Tii, Tiilanai. It has more cases than other dialects, no true adpositions, and has not begun to develop tense or definiteness. Phonetically, stops do not voice when intervocalic, and glottal stops are inserted between adjacent vowels.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
Alveolo-
palatal
VelarGlottal
Nasal m   n     ŋ  
Plosive p [p̬]1   t [t̬]2     k [k̬]3  
Fricative [ɸ]4 [ɸ̬]5 f [f̬]6 s [s̬]7   ɕ [ɕ̬]8   h
Affricate     [t͡s]9 [t͡s̬]10 [t͡ʃ]11 [t͡ʃ̬]12      
Lateral approximant     l        
Flap     ɾ        
  1. intervocalic, allophone of /p/
  2. intervocalic, allophone of /t/
  3. intervocalic, allophone of /k/
  4. before u and o, allophone of /h/
  5. intervocalic before u and o, allophone of /h/
  6. intervocalic, allophone of /f/
  7. intervocalic, allophone of /s/
  8. intervocalic, allophone of /ɕ/
  9. before i and u, allophone of /t/
  10. intervocalic before i and u, allophone of /t/
  11. before i and e, allophone of /k/
  12. intervocalic before i and e, allophone of /k/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
Near-
back
Back
Close i i: [ĩ]1     u u: [ũ]2
Near-close   [ɪ̃]3 [ʊ̃]4  
Close-mid e e: [ẽ]5     o o: [õ]6
Open a a: [ã]7      
Polyphthongs
  1. allophone of /i/
  2. allophone of /u/
  3. allophone of /i/
  4. allophone of /u/
  5. allophone of /e/
  6. allophone of /o/
  7. allophone of /a/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Tiian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 TiianOrthography
`
//
a
/a/, [ã]
アァ
aa
/a:/
アィ
ai
/aɪ/
アゥ
au
/aʊ/
i
/i/, [ĩ], [ɪ̃]
イィ
ii
/i:/
u
/u/, [ũ], [ʊ̃]
ウゥ
uu
/u:/
e
/e/, [ẽ]
エィ
ei
/eɪ/
エゥ
eu
/eʊ/
エェ
ee
/e:/
o
/o/, [õ]
オィ
oi
/oɪ/
オゥ
ou
/oʊ/
オォ
oo
/o:/
p
/p/, [p̬]1
t
/t/, [t̬]2, [t͡s̬]3, [t͡s]4
k
/k/, [t͡ʃ]5, [t͡ʃ̬]6, [k̬]7
f
/f/, [f̬]8
s
/s/, [s̬]9
sh
/ɕ/, [ɕ̬]10
h
/h/, [ɸ̬]11, [ɸ]12
m
/m/
n
/n/
ng
/ŋ/
l
/l/
r
/ɾ/
-
//
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. intervocalic
  2. intervocalic
  3. intervocalic before i and u
  4. before i and u
  5. before i and e
  6. intervocalic before i and e
  7. intervocalic
  8. intervocalic
  9. intervocalic
  10. intervocalic
  11. intervocalic before u and o
  12. before u and o
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Modern History of the Oceanic East
The Seimilan, Paranai/Tirikizi/Qoimash, the rise of the Tii ...
18-Aug-17 20:54
Tiian WALS Values
All the applicable WALS values for Tiian
16-Aug-17 18:31
Tiian Orthography 12-Aug-17 23:49
Tiian Relative Clauses
How Relative Clauses Work, the particle e
21-Apr-17 23:40
-to verbs
The various ways to modify -to verbs
12-Apr-17 16:34
Tiian Religion
The beliefs of the Tii peoples
04-Mar-17 23:44
Tiian Syntax
Important information about Tiian syntax
26-Feb-17 01:36
Lessons (1)
1Lesson #1
Typological information for Tiian

Double negativesObligatory
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
Primary word orderSOV
Script typeSyllabary

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