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Tirina [TNA]
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LotM Winner CWSP Lang Typology Functional 3,675 words
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Tirina
Tirina
[t̪iɾina]*
Registered by alynnidalar on 13 May 2014
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken in: SanmraOfficial TuanmaliOfficial
Species Human/humanoid
About Tirina Tirina is a language spoken by a species of non-humans that inhabits modern day Earth, which is a nice way of saying that the magical elves have a word that means "Xbox controller".

I technically have had some form of Tirina around since 2003, but the original form was just a poorly-done English relex, followed by abandoning it for a few years, so the current form has really only been around since early 2012. Tirina is more or less functional from a grammatical and syntactical perspective, now it's really just a matter of fleshing out the vocabulary and working out how people actually speak as opposed to formally writing or speaking.

Current areas of focus: vocabulary, slang and informal phrasing, fleshing out allophony
Sample of Tirina[view] Towukekınlin almes doyamuran ın eki uteas prinafon yai eki wuperasli soe eki wuperasli towusona pin almes ın inin ni dalar de inin ni ado'kel nin.

You can make money more quickly at a flower shop than at a restaurant, because at a restaurant you can only have as many people as you have chairs.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
sadniron
delarnntransportation
Sound samples in Tirina
Some sound samples of Tirina. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Yani: Prala! Uteas Prinafonda: Dudarn ni yes? Yani: Las, totifıdal hasu kola orelolir? Uteas Prin...
Johnny: Hi. Flower Shop Clerk: Can I help you? Johnny: Yeah, can I have a dozen red roses, please?...
Kitimo eki darida.
Sleep is for the weak!
Analenahilin Tirina!
I speak English
Yes sunhi? Fin as kawi?
Are you a boy? Or are you a girl?
Language family relationships
Language treeGarsenian
 ⤷ Garsen
  ⤷  Old Tirina
   ⤷  Tirina
[view] About GarsenianThe Garsenian language family's only surviving descendant is Modern Tirina. The "founding" language of the family is commonly called Garsen, but probably should more properly be called "Proto-Garsenian" or "Proto-Tirina".

At any rate, Old Tirina w...
[view] Tirina ni Sakaran (Sakaran Tirina)Sakaran Tirina (known in Tirina as Tirina ni Sakaran--Tirina of Sakaran) is, unsurprisingly, Tirina as spoken in Sakaran.

See the journal entry "Tirina Dialects" for more information on the specific differences.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarPharyngealGlottal
Nasal m     n     [ŋ]1    
Plosive p         k   ʔ
Fricative [ɸ]2 f   s [z]3       [ħ]4 h
Lateral approximant       l          
Approximant         j w      
Trill       [r]          
Flap       ɾ          
  1. realization of /n/ before /k/
  2. realization of /f/ before /r/.
  3. realization of /s/ before /d/ WHEN INFLECTING VERBS
  4. idk, allophone of /h/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
Back
Close i   u
Near-close   ɪ  
Close-mid e   o
Open a    
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Tirina. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 TirinaOrthography
Ff
fi
/f/, [ɸ]1
Ll
li
/l/
Kk
kıdro
/k/
Mm
mıdro
/m/
Pp
pa
/p/
Dd
da
/d̪/
Tt
to
/t̪/
Rr
ro
/ɾ/, [r]
Nn
nu
/n/, [ŋ]2
Yy
yu
/j/
Hh
he
/h/, [ħ]3
Ss
se
/s/, [z]4
Ww
we
/w/
'
/ʔ/
Aa
an
/a/
Ee
e
/e/
Ii
i
/i/
ıda
/ɪ/
Oo
o
/o/
Uu
u
/u/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. realization of /f/ before /r/.
  2. realization of /n/ before /k/
  3. idk
  4. realization of /s/ before /d/ WHEN INFLECTING VERBS
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Sanmra Calendar
Notes on the Sanmra calendar.
04-Apr-17 02:46
Tirina Pronouns
Pretty much what it says on the tin.
06-Jun-16 20:36
Tirina Font Design
Some thoughts on designing a font for Tirina, because I have...
16-Apr-16 23:27
LotM - Jul 15: Tirina
Tirina is our LotM winner for July - an agglutinating, a pri...
31-Jul-15 16:28
Tirina Phonotactics
Some musings on phonotactics in Tirina
16-Mar-15 15:10
Muta ni Iwi (Iwi's Story)
Second writing piece for CoWriMo 2015.
23-Feb-15 19:31
Yes Aldo Lun (You Are The One)
Third writing piece for CoWriMo 2015. A villanelle.
23-Feb-15 17:59
Sanmra Government
Some thoughts on the government and legal system of the Sanm...
16-Feb-15 20:55
Typological information for Tirina

Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Primary word orderVSO
Marked tense (verb)Past, Present, Future

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