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Various constructions
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A list of various constructions in Laefêvëši
This public article was written by Ashucky on 14 Jan 2017, 19:32.

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1) X-EQUEquative (case)
equates two nouns, '-like'
-NPTVNegative partitive (case)
'none' (opposite of PTV 'some')
=rón=be-NEGNegative (polarity)
not
- "be nothing more than X" / "ne biti nič več kot X"

2) VERB-kkó-INFLECTION-PRONOUN - "(not) be possible to X" / "(ga/jo/je) (ne) biti moč X"

3) sólaj + SUBLSublative (case)
onto, down onto
(think about something), sólaj + ILLIllative (case)
'into'
(ponder)

4) X-PROLProlative (case)
'by way of, through'
- "by X" (passive) / "od X" (trpnik)

5a) [álaj/évaj] X-PTVPartitive (number)
'some of' or for mass nouns
.PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
-AUGAugmentative
a bigger, greater, stronger etc. version
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.VR1Variant 1
variant of a word
(+ other cases in plural, class II) - "[be/have] many/much/a lot of X" / "[biti/imeti] veliko X"

5b) X-PTVPartitive (number)
'some of' or for mass nouns
.PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
-AUGAugmentative
a bigger, greater, stronger etc. version
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.VR2Variant 2
variant of a word
- "several/quite some X" / "kar nekaj X"

6) X-skin Y-EQUEquative (case)
equates two nouns, '-like'
- "as X as Y" / "tako X kot X" (where X and Y are adjectives)

7a) 3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
=be XUnknown code-SEMSemblative (case)
'like, similar to'
- "(it) represent X" / "predstavljati X"

7b) Y be X-SEMSemblative (case)
'like, similar to'
- "Y represent X" / "Y predstavljati X"

8) nai-ADJ-laj - "become ADJ" / "postati PRID" // ~-iska/e/o "~ more ADJ" // ~-ihka/e/o "~ the most ADJ"

9) (X) Y-PERPerlative (case)
'through, along'
-EQUEquative (case)
equates two nouns, '-like'
- "(X) in the image of Y" / "(X) v podobi Y"

10) ADJ=NOUN-SUPSuperlative
English 'most', '-est'
- "the most ADJ NOUN" / "najbolj PRID SAM"
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