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Tnaaq numerals
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Tnaaq number systems
This public article was written by xroooox, and last updated on 26 Jun 2017, 17:08.

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1. Numbers
2. Ordinals:
3. Partitive:
4. Distributive:
5. Collective


Tnaaq uses base 60 with secondary base 12, related to the use of the 3 sections of the fingers of one hand to count.
0- sanar
1- aux 1
2- ar 2
3- qiih 3
4- qiih-aux 3+1
5- q-ar-qiih 2(3)-1
6- ar-qiih 2(3)
7- ar-qiih-aux 2(3)+1
8- q-u-qiih 3(3)-1
9- u-qiih 3(3)
10- u-qiih-aux 3(3)+1
11- qu-ka 4(3)-1
12- ka 4(3)

24- arka
36- qiihka
48- qiihauka
60- niit
120- arniit
180- qiihniit
720- kaniit
3600- naukus
216000- ausqiihtnau
12960000- ausqiihauxtnau
387440000- arkasqarqiihausqiihahuxtnau qiihaukasqarqiihausqiihtnau qiihkasarqiihnaukus kasauxniit kasquqiih
HiqQSkTivXCkSEMiqRskHiqMTHiqSJiqRpSkJiq MTXFhiqSJiqRpSkRx


There are several ways to form the ordinal numbers.
Numbers from 1 to 12, 60 and 3600 have special forms for the ordinals, made by the causative of the verb and a reflexive.
1st saunau
2nd sarnau
3rd sqiinau
4th sqiihaunau
5th sqarqiinau
6th sarqiinau
7th sarqiihaunau
8th squqiinau
9th suqiinau
10th suqiihaunau
11th squkaanau
12th skaanau
60th sniitnau
3600th snaukusnau
Other numbers are made by the word sanau, that comes from the verb usanau (it made itself). This verb is used in questions and still can be found in older texts, :
48th sanau qiihauka
50th sanau qiihaukasar

Tu kuusanau? Which one are you?
Sysaunaus!: I'm first!
Sa sanau niit uqiih/ susanau niit uqiih: I'm 70th :(


There are two kinds of partitives, one that is used for sections of a whole, and other for sets taken from a bigger set. The first ones are marked with the word hqa, and the latter with (n)qa. 'Whole' is suppletive 'iqaux'.

auhaitus qiih
three watermelons

auhaitus hqa qiih
a third of watermelon

auhaitus nqa qiih
three of the watermelons


There are two different distributives that can be shown in Tnaaq. A distributive action (repeated, performed several times) is shown with a reduplication of the last VC of the verb root. If a verb ends with a vowel x is used. Distributive numerals are marked with the clitic =rs.

Ati sautyt TAti rt nIqtaq araixisasnau qiih.
Ati saututyt t Ati rt n Iqtaq araixisasnau qiih.
3 by 3
Ati sautyt t Ati rt n Iqtaq araixisasnau qiirs.
3 each
Ati saututyt t Ati rt n Iqtaq araixisasnau qiirs.
3 by 3 each


Collectives are formed forming the numeral with a full relative clause, instead of a reduced one. The collective for one, 'single', is suppletive 'aunu'.

sasta kaa
twelve pants

sasta n kaa
a dozen pants

iihi ar
two birds

iihi n ari
a pair of birds

kuuna aux
one horse

kuuna aunu
a single horse

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