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PSJ roots
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Reconstructed roots of Proto-Semado-Jutean and descendants
This public article was written by Jute, and last updated on 20 Sep 2017, 02:16. Editing of this article is shared with Semado-Jutic Linguistic Society.

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?FYI...
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 Proto-Sanju-JuteanProto-Jutean River Jutean Middle Jutean Jutean Sedaiɣior Proto-Qiqi'wilian Ujiyu Uzhiy Tilu
*apuidwaapuibaafuva 'fat'
*agʲoo "(be) at"*adoo adooado*ajuu*aguawguāu
*axuuaxuuahoo 'until'*xuhufehu
*attoo "look at; search for"*asooasooaso "look at, notice"*aduu*asuasuazeāu "seek enlightenment, soul search"
*aptagiauttaiautti 'back [body part]'
*agwatseeabatseeavate 'aunt/uncle'
*daiɣ "noon, midday"*daihdaidaa*daiɣ*daytayday
*dactudaxtudatu 'monster, creature'
*-dei "OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
, DATDative (case)
indirect object; beneficiary
, SRSubordinator
marks subordinate clause
"
*-dei-de-(e)de "OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
, INSVInstrumental trigger (voice)
Austronesian alignment; triggers instrumental
"
*-daa*diti-jeli
*doikʲoo "hear"*doikoodoikodeokodeko*daaçuu*duykutuykuduygetoiku
*ǵoçadoçadeso 'bend'
*dume "breast"*dumi bumivume*dumi*dumtumduntu
*ǵoaboadoaboadoavoa 'mountain range'
*ǵofuudofuudohuo 'mistreat, abuse'
*dobaidovaidova 'tree'*dubatupeduvetuva
*duceduceduke 'pineapple'
*eɣoo "can, know how"*ehehoo (reduplicated)eeooeeo*eɣuu*iyuiyuiyīyu
*oibuxueeobuxueevuhu 'sap, juice'*uybuxuypuuyveoivu
*eeyafeejaxoejaho 'disappear, lose'
*excuuexcueku 'chin, neck'*ixtuituiteetu
*ɣenaaenaena 'nose'*yinayineyineyina
*pedwopebofefo 'harvest'
*pefnopexmofemmo 'door, handle'
*peñoilpenoiifenoi '(saltwater) fish'
*pioggaapeoxxaafeohaa 'chest [body]'
*piidwopiiboofivoo 'to storm'
*porafola 'rock'*purpupupu
*puyudpueodofuedo 'to fall, fell'
*gee "now, PROGProgressive (aspect)
be verb-ing
"
*xeexe(e)he*gee*gikidjiti
*gʲaxi "open, clear"*daxidaxidahe "space, room, area"*jaxi*dyaxyajeta
*gʲeɲa "arm"*denadenadena*jena*dyinyinjinti
xasyaxasjahaja 'horn'
*fajoixajoehajee 'wit, intellect'*xadiwihaywiaivehāiui
*feayttixeaitiheiti 'dullness'
*yesojetoheto 'sit'
*ɣoidoo "appear; rise"
prob. "rise out of the water," cf. *jasoo
*hoidoohoidoedooedo "appear"*ɣaaduu*'uyduuytuuyu'oilu "surprise"
*gojo(ɣ)axojoahojaa 'skin'*gudwakuweguvekuva
*gosomaxosomahosoma 'banana'*gusumkusumguzun
*fuboxubohuvo 'hope'
*taico 'stick'tik 'one'iki*eki*'ikii'i
*iiǵooiiduoiduo 'to play'
*aiiboaiiboiivo 'sand'
*ipoo "use; CAUSCausative (valency/mood)
cause an action to occur, force another argument to act
"
*epoo epoo-(e)fo*ivuu*ipu, *puipu, puibe, -beipu
*jasoo "dive (down); disappear"*jasoojasoojaso "dive; disappear"*jasuu*dasutasudazetāu
*jotoo "see"*joto jotojoo (irregular)*joduu*dutututududetutu
*jutio "Jute"*jutio juteojute*jusaa*dutiu "foreigner"tutiudujetutiu
*kelo "speak, talk"*kelookeloo*keruu*kilukilutxiwtilu
*koi "CONDConditional (mood)
'if'
, POLPolite.IMPImperative (mood)
command
"
*-koi-koe-k(e)*(-)kaa*kuykuy-geoi
*rufimo "force of nature"*(???) "strength, force, power"ruximolumo*ruu "nature; natural beauty"*lumlumwunlu
*noo "be"*noo noono*nuu*ngunugu
*ño "PVPatient trigger (voice)
Austronesian alignment; triggers ERG-ABS
," maybe "PASSPassive voice (valency)
be verb-ed
"
*-no-no-no "PVPatient trigger (voice)
Austronesian alignment; triggers ERG-ABS
"
*-*ngunu-geu
*saiɣ "water"*saih sai "wave"saa*saiɣ "water"*saysaysay
*settu "mound, hill"sextusetu*sedu*sitsixihi
*taxoña 'river'*taxonetaxonetaxootahoo 'flow, pour'*taxuu*taxutahutawtāu
*tukʲoo "dance"*tukoo tukootuko*tuçuu*tukutukutugetuku
*tau "1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
"
*taataata*tau*tawtawtaw
*tsoo "go, come"*tootooto*suu*thutututu
*tsik "stick, branch"*tiktiktik*sik*thiktixi
*uud- "below"*uuda uuvauuva*uud-*'uduu, -u'u
*woa "part, thing, object"woava*vaa*waweve, -veva
*weuto "fight, attack"weotoveto "hit, strike"*vetuu*withuwituvitevitu
*wuɣa "sun"*wuɣawuxavuha*wuxwuvuvu
*xaida "big; important"*xaidaxiitxaidahaad*xaida*xaydhayay
*xedoo "take"*xedooxedoohedo*xeduu*xiduhiwiwhilu "receive"
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Edit history
on 20/09/17 02:160severynother f
on 20/09/17 02:06-11severyi added /f/ so sue me
on 19/09/17 23:06+249severycorrected & added forms
on 19/07/17 00:08+148fantomatrol15added Tilu words
on 18/07/17 23:58+854fantomatrol15Added Tilu words
on 18/07/17 22:14+3193fantomatrol15Added Qiqi'wilian roots
on 14/02/17 22:39-2073alicecleanup
on 31/01/17 22:500Juteremoved a tag
on 31/01/17 22:50+33Jutereadded two missing cells
on 31/01/17 22:49-2546Juteremoved Ashucky's languages, since they are no longer part of Sahar
on 01/06/16 02:55-157Juteremoved duplicate
on 01/06/16 02:54-1JuteFixed credit line
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