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Various things about Jutean pragmatics, unsorted
This public article was written by Jute on 26 Jul 2017, 18:07.

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1. Yes and No
2. Other questions-related pragmatics

This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

[top]Yes and No

There's no single, simple way to answer them, instead it differs based on social context, the speakers and some other things. (as in English, with yes/yeah/nah/no and even yay/nay, to name some)

The default and most common form to answer such a question is to repeat the verb.

Ato na, haa? Are you coming/Will you come?
Come 2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
, QInterrogative

Ato ta! I will!/I will come/I am coming.
Come 1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I

In casual settings 'hee' or 'ee' can be used sometimes, especially if a "don't you/wouldn't you/shouldn't you/couldn't you" or a "right?" particle would be used in English, (but not with "... do you/would you/should you/could you?"). It's less strong of an affirmative and can have the connotation of "yeeeeaaah... maybe?"

Saiho na a me ta ma, haa. Are you thinking of me? / You are thinking of me. aren't you?
Think 2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
of OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
, QInterrogative

(The difference is indicated by tone, a neutral tone would be used for the former, a falling for the latter)

(H)ee... Yes/Yeah...
(indicated by the length of the "e". "H" is nonpresent in some dialects. A rising tone can signify some kind of shame/embarrassment/bashfulness, a falling one annoyance/reluctance)

Then there's the negated form, 'heel' (/he:l/), used in the sense of "yeah, no", "yes, but still/ but that doesn't mean..." or similar. It's used for agreeing in part with a statement. It can be both reassuring (English "yeah, but don't worry", "nah, it's fine") or accusatory ("Yeah, no! No way [that will happen just because ...]") depending on context,

Saimo jasof ta he. I think I should really be studying now
Think study_hard-HORTHortative (mood)
1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I

Heel! (I guess) You should, but you don't have to do it right now, do you?

In formal contexts, sometimes 'dekio ta' ('I agree') can be used, when affirming a previous sentence that wasn't framed as a question, and with some questions that weren't directed at the speaker personally, especially rhetorical questions. (Negating the phrase to 'dekiol tal' is a polite way to show disagreement in similar cases)

No vuha a uke. It's a good/nice day.
Be day of goodness

Dekio ta. Yes/I agree

Saihoko la mihinidohi, haa. He/She/They (Sg.) likes/like sleeping, doesn't/don't he/she/they?
Like 3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
verbal noun
, QInterrogative

(again, a falling tone would mark it as a question with an anticipated answer, and a question mark can be omitted in writing.)

Dekio ta. Yes/I agree

Other uses exist, too.

[top]Other questions-related pragmatics

No, haa? ('Are you sure?') is used if the speaker isn't sure whether to believe an answer to a question.
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