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Visochi [0VN]
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Typology Progressing 607 words
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Visochi
Visochi
[vɪsoʊkʔhi:]*
Registered by Lythande on 2 October 2015
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Visochi Visochi is the purest form of the nadsi languages in [nameless conworld], primarily because the speakers live for around 400 years and are isolated from most of the rest of the world. Other nadsi dialects are influenced more by human speech and their speakers' shorter life spans, leading them to evolve away from Visochi.
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* Topic-comment, which looks like OVS, SV, SOV, or SVO (markers tell you which is what).
* Agglutinative; sentences with a verb are often only two words, and verbless sentences usually one.
** Also, you can drop verbs.
* No copula. No helper verbs. Every "to be a [noun, like 'singer']" is a separate verb, formed formulaically from the noun, but used only in helper constructions "I want to be a singer" (not to say "I am a singer").
* Mood particles lead sentences and do the work of punctuation.
* 1st and 2nd pronouns according to 3 different sets of plurals.
* 3rd pronouns according to both number (SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.-PAUPaucal (number)
'a few, some'
.-COLCollective (number)
'group or mass entity'
.-COLCollective (number)
'group or mass entity'
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.) and three other different sets of plurals.
* 6-level animacy system inherent in nouns and auxiliary markers that can change that level of animacy, used as honorifics and insults as often as for information.
* Nouns and verbs both gendered, but do not decline for gender and do not agree; gender used primarily for poetic purposes.
** Also, four genders, but that's a function of a conworld with four sexes.
* Nouns decline only for number (sing. pauc. col. abst.) and default to the abstract.

* Affixes. Just so... so many affixes. Send help.

* Still working on figuring out verb conjugations, but so far it looks like 56 distinct TAMs per past/present/future. (Okay, so it's actually 10 TAMs and their available combinations.)
**Favorite TAM: future gnomic, "the prophetic tense".

da
DECLDeclarative (mood)
a common realis mood
łNô
TOPTopic (syntactic)
the topic or focus of a sentence
-2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
OnaRamomomo
AFFAffirmative (polarity)
positive, opposite of NEG
-sing.FUTFuture (tense)
action occurring after the moment of speech
.GNOGnomic (aspect/mood)
common, timeless truths

"[It is known that] You shall sing."

It's like ending every sentence with "in accordance with the prophecy", which is epic.
Sample of Visochi[view] łGaoroşhtaDa. / łNâoşhtaDa. / łIô ûrNâoś. / łIô ûrGaoroś. / łIô ûrDvaNâoş. / łIô ûrDvaGaoroş. / łIô ûrNâoş. / łIô ûrGaoroş. / łMaraGaoroşDraŧ (ṿIôÂd). / łMaraNâoşDraŧ (ṿIôÂd). / łIlGaorośDraŧ (ṿIôÂd). / łIlNâośDraŧ (ṿIôÂd). / łGaoroşhtaûϵNâoşhtaDa. / łMaraGaoroşûϵ(Mara)NâoşDraŧ (ṿIôÂd). / łNâośûϵGaorośDa.[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
êlraadjbalanced
êlraannpurity
Sound samples in Visochi
Some sound samples of Visochi. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
łIôCiqϵColtÊli łIôHaruiÊli łYň ṿIşuaȤanteDora ûrIôÊli
I am wrath, I am darkness, I am the death of the proud.
łDroƨêlu-êl ṿCosraIşuLyέronDil ûţNadsiDraÔndara Sôndeco łNadsiÂd EnaCamaso ṿNȅxDraţDi ṿDroƨêlu-êlD...
Heaven brings forth innumerable things to nurture man. Man has nothing good with which to recompens...
"ne Y--Zon-- da łnorso ûrwendrof" ł--Zon-- sêsêsynomecceňdaâţ
“No, John. You are the demons” And then John was a zombie.
ycréś -- lâ łdroreâś misadoler
Hey kid, wanna buy a sundial?
da łíô ûrilrénâ--LaManŧa--dan
I am the man of La Mancha!
ł--Optí-- saretéssṿíô
I demand Opti.
Language family relationships
Language treeCaolt
 ⤷  Visochi
[view] About CaoltRelationships of languages in my conworld.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexPalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m   [n]1   [ɳ]2   ŋ  
Plosive p b   [t]3 [d]4       k g ʔ
Fricative   f v θ [ð]5 s z ʃ ʒ       [h]6 ɦ
Affricate       [t͡s]7 d͡z          
Lateral approximant       l   [ɭ]8 ʎ    
Approximant   ʋ   [ɹ]9   [ɻ]10 [j]11    
Flap       ɾ          
Blends [jɪ]12 ʎoʊ ʎä ʎɪ ʎu ʎʔ [joʊ]13 [jɛɪ]14
[jä]15 [ju]16 st ʎɛɪ
  1. allophone of /n̪/
  2. allophone of /ŋ/
  3. allophone of /t̪/
  4. allophone of /d̪/
  5. allophone of /θ/
  6. allophone of /ɦ/
  7. allophone of /d͡z/
  8. allophone of /l/
  9. allophone of /ɾ/
  10. allophone of /ɾ/
  11. allophone of /ʎ/
  12. allophone of /ʎɪ/
  13. allophone of /ʎoʊ/
  14. allophone of /ʎɛɪ/
  15. allophone of /ʎä/
  16. allophone of /ʎu/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close [i]1     u
Near-close   ɪ ɪ:    
Close-mid       [o]2
Open-mid ɛ      
Near-open æ   ɐ  
Polyphthongs
  1. allophone of /ɪ/
  2. allophone of /oʊ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Visochi. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 VisochiOrthography
Ââ/ʎä/Êê/ʎɪ/Ôô/ʎoʊ/Ûû/ʎu/Bb/b/Cc/k/Dd/d̪/Ȥȥ/ʒ/Ff/f/
Gg/g/Hh/ɦ/Ii/ɪ/Έέ/ʎɛɪ/Εϵ/eɪ/Mm/m/Nn/n̪/Pp/p/Qq/tʃ/
Rr/ɾ/Ss/s/Tt/t̪/Vv/v/Ww/ʋ/Xx/kʃ/Yy/aɪ/Ŧŧ/θ/Ĭĭ/ɪ:/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Visochi Love
    Forms of love in Visochi culture.
    30-Apr-16 21:55
    Visochi noun animacy and its use as honorific
    Inherent animacy levels of nouns, and changing them.
    21-Apr-16 01:03
    Typological information for Visochi

    GendersOther
    Animacy distinctionsFive distinctions or more
    Base counting systemOctal (8)
    Pronoun dropping?Yes
    Noun incorporationCompound incorporation

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