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Heláin [HLN]
18▲ 18 ▼ 0
Typology Progressing 1,268 words
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Heláin
Heláin
[hɛlɒjn̪]*
Registered by EllaHansen on 26 September 2016
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Heláin [Note: Most of the lexicon is stored offline and will be entered manually as I find time.]

Heláin is the language spoken in the Telian Commonwealth (Let-Curéid Telian), a confederation of coastal states called fyrdlands (freanda). The Telian are known throughout the world for their maritime trade, their medicine, and their religion: the worship of one, most high god according to the teachings of the high priest, prophet, and lawgiver Tersas. Writings attributed to Tersas and his descendants form the core of Liturgical Heláin, the literary dialect with which this grammar is chiefly concerned.

Key features:
* ergative verbs
* verb-patient and noun-determiner word order
* sandhi (less euphonious clusters change to more euphonious ones)
* two tenses (past/non-past) and nine aspects/moods (no person/number on verbs)
* two genders (m/f), in the sg. only; also pl. and rare dual and collective
* five noun (substantive) cases, up to ten demonstrative cases
* no adpositions (their functions are handled by cases, demonstratives, and nouns)
Sample of Heláin[view] urivetea sumi Celetsaram asi, aián Gilli, u nefoitea isteiora Cibinnalas. ildaŋgen secusenan estis ivra efineisfe av ora sor miniŋ. / efinnarenihwe mu dheóm, gupa s’astir! aián Gandalf.

'Dark is the water of Kheled-zâram,' said Gimli, 'and cold are the springs of Kibil-nâla. My heart trembles at the thought that I may see them soon.' / 'May you have joy of the sight, my good dwarf!' said Gandalf.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
*TOMnroot
*TOLnroot
*TESnroot
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Heláin
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialDentalAlveolarPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m       ŋ  
Plosive p b       k g  
Fricative ɸ β θ ð s       h
Lateral approximant     l        
Approximant       [j]1 ʍ    
Trill     r        
Flap     ɾ        
Blends
  1. before vowels, allophone of /jɛ/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close [i]1     u
Near-close   ɪ    
Close-mid [e]2 e:      
Open-mid ɛ   ɞ  
Open     ä  
Polyphthongs ɒj ɞj
  1. before vowels and r, allophone of /ɪ/
  2. before vowels and r, allophone of /ɛ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Heláin. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 HeláinOrthography
a
a
/ä/
o
o
/ɞ/
u
u
/u/
e
eon
/ɛ/, [e]1
i
ion
/ɪ/, [i]2
ye
ye
/jɛ/
h
levea
/h/
hw
/ʍ/
l
el
/l/
r
or
/ɾ/
n
en
/n̪/
t
te
/t̪/
d
de
/d̪/
th
eth
/θ/
dh
edha
/ð/
ŋ
/ŋ/
c
ce
/k/
g
ge
/g/
m
em
/m/
p
pe
/p/
b
be
/b/
f
ef
/ɸ/
v
eva
/β/
s
es
/s/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. before vowels and r
  2. before vowels and r
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
How to Use the Heláin Dictionary
Dictionary principles, sound changes, abbreviations, etc.
10-Jun-17 20:02
RGLH, Part II: Orthography, Phonology, Morphology
The alphabet, rules of sandhi, forms, and more.
13-Oct-16 20:54
A Reference Grammar of Liturgical Heláin, Introduction
The scope of the grammar; a brief history of Heláin, its scr...
02-Oct-16 21:55
Typological information for Heláin

Morphological typologySynthetic
Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive
Verb head-directionalityHead initial
Script typeAbugida

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