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Sáharían [SHI]
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Typology Functional 2,255 words
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Sáharían
Sáharíarn
[sa.ha.ʀi.aʀn]
Registered by CantaloupeCat on 21 November 2016
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Sáharían Sáharían is spoken by the people of a small island in a conworld, comparable to Anglo-Saxon Britain, but more remote (and highly isolationist).

The language as it is on CWS represents Sáharían at the end of Sáharía's existence, and the beginning of its (near-identical) successor state Vúlnoría, after the stage where kennings and poetic phrases had ceased replacing existing words (the language before that process began is called Old Sáharían).

Sáharían is mostly isolating, and its grammar relies heavily on syntax. Words can generally be used quite elastically. Its verbs and nouns are very regular, though switching between nouns/ verbs/ adjectives/ adverbs is much less so.

The common dialect is termed Lúrathen, when disambiguation is needed. Its claim to being the main form of Sáharían is held by being the dialect spoken throughout central Sáharía, around the capital, and by the travelling story-tellers (who the name "Lúrathen" refers to). The other dialects are distinguished mostly by phonological differences.
Sample of Sáharían[view] Hév syéfel sú fejýr háraru nuvíru. Luthén thesíb ségaríba. Rélujen thesíb luthén.

And some things that should not have been forgotten were lost. History became legend. Legend became myth.
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Latest vocabulary
tulfýrvchop
tulfýrnnknife
Language family relationships
Language treeCélibrían
 ⤷ Proto-Célibrían
  ⤷ Early Célibrían
   ⤷ Middle Célibrían
    ⤷ Tílthorían
     ⤷  Old Sáharían
      ⤷  Sáharían
[view] About CélibríanThe Célibrían languages, to use the Sáharían term, originated in a small region of a small continent. Around a thousand years into their history, a branch of Célibrían also appeared on a very small island a not-so-small distance away.

Features com...
[view] Cráincavéna (Bridgetown)Spoken in the town surrounding the main bridge spanning Sáharía's largest river, in the heart of the farmland.

Its features are the odd changes of g to ʒ, and ʃ to t͡ʃ, a complete lack of susurration, and lack of ʀ, instead always using ʁ.
[view] Thúroshó (North Port)Spoken in the area around Sáharía's main harbour, its town and the Táranórn, on the north coast.

It shows significant influence from Quémar, most obviously with the phonemes d, m and z, the use of t and d as word-final codal consonants, and the shifts of ʃ to t͡s and ʒʱ to d͡z.
[view] Ároca (Northeastern)Spoken in Sáharía's northeastern forests (with emphasis on the "north" aspect).

It has separated stressed and unstressed e into e and ə, and stressed and unstressed i into i and ɪ.
[view] Ároásh (Northwestern)Spoken in the far northwest of Sáharían. The moors, downs and coast where the Ároashánal (Northwesterners) live are the most remote part of the country inhabited, and their dialect reflects this.

Its key differences from the rest of Sáharían are that its consonants are murmured before stressed vowels, and that it retained the Old Sáharían ð. It also lacks the diphthong eɪ, instead treating it as two distinct vowels /e.i/ or /a.i/.
[view] Sílcavón (Southeastern)Spoken in Sáharía's far southeast, in the forests along the coast.

It has divided stressed and unstressed e, i and u; into e & ɛ, i & ɪ, and u & ʊ, respectively.
[view] Sílvashó (Southwestern)Spoken in Sáharía's southwest, in a coastal-moorland area.

Sílvashó Sáharían brings the stressed-unstressed distinction into a full long-short vowel system.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasal [m]1     n   [ɲ]2 [ŋ]3 [ɴ]4  
Plosive b   [t̪]5 t     k g [q]6 [ɢ]7  
Fricative [ɸ]8 [β]9 f v θ s ʃ [ʒ]10 ʒʱ   [x]11 [χ]12 [ʁ]13 h
Lateral approximant       l [l:]14          
Approximant           j      
Trill       [r]15       ʀ [ʀʱ]16  
Blends [ʀr]17
  1. Sometimes occurs before b, allophone of /n/
  2. Sometimes occurs before j, allophone of /n/
  3. Sometimes occurs before k and g, allophone of /n/
  4. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/, allophone of /n/
  5. Sometimes occurs after θ and/or before back vowels, allophone of /t/
  6. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/, allophone of /k/
  7. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/, allophone of /g/
  8. allophone of /f/
  9. allophone of /v/
  10. Occasionally occurs before unstressed vowels, allophone of /ʒʱ/
  11. Free variation, allophone of /h/
  12. Free variation, allophone of /h/
  13. Sometimes occurs in codas, allophone of /ʀ/
  14. Sometimes occurs before stressed vowels, allophone of /l/
  15. Often occurs in the combination "bri", allophone of /ʀ/
  16. Sometimes occurs before stressed vowels, allophone of /ʀ/
  17. Sometimes occurs before front vowels, allophone of /ʀ/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i u
Close-mid e o
Open-mid [ɛ]1  
Open a  
Polyphthongs [aɪ]2
  1. Sometimes replaces non-final unstressed /e/, allophone of /e/
  2. allophone of /eɪ/
Stress informationThe acute accent marks stress. Stress does follow patterns, but between the effects of nominalization/verbalization/etc. and many irregular words, stress is marked on all words.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Sáharían. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SáharíanOrthography
Aa/a/AY ay/eɪ/, [aɪ]Bb/b/Cc/k/, [q]1Ee/e/, [ɛ]2Ff/f/, [ɸ]Gg/g/, [ɢ]3Hh/h/, [x]4, [χ]5Ii/i/Jj/ʒʱ/, [ʒ]6Ll/l/, [l:]7
Nn/n/, [ɴ]8, [m]9, [ŋ]10, [ɲ]11Oo/o/Rr/ʀ/, [ʀʱ]12, [ʁ]13, [ʀr]14, [r]15Ss/s/SH sh/ʃ/Tt/t/, [t̪]16TH th/θ/Uu/u/Vv/v/, [β]Yy/j/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/
  2. Sometimes replaces non-final unstressed /e/
  3. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/
  4. Free variation
  5. Free variation
  6. Occasionally occurs before unstressed vowels
  7. Sometimes occurs before stressed vowels
  8. Sometimes occurs in association with /ʀ/
  9. Sometimes occurs before b
  10. Sometimes occurs before k and g
  11. Sometimes occurs before j
  12. Sometimes occurs before stressed vowels
  13. Sometimes occurs in codas
  14. Sometimes occurs before front vowels
  15. Often occurs in the combination "bri"
  16. Sometimes occurs after θ and/or before back vowels
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Sáharían Syntax
An Overview
17-Jun-17 05:25
Sáharían Morphology
A basic overview of its parts of speech and derivational mor...
10-Apr-17 17:13
Typological information for Sáharían

Base counting systemQuinary (5)
Morphosyntactic alignmentSplit-S
Primary word orderOVS
Stress marked?Yes - diacritic
Marked tense (verb)Past, Non-Past

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Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 23-Nov-17 16:57